Jumat, 23 April 2010

Public Organization Theory



A. Understanding Organizations
According Sehein (1982) "Organization is a rational coordination of activities of a number of people to achieve common goals through the distribution of jobs and functions, through a hierarchy of authority and responsibility".
Sehein also asserted that the organization has certain characteristics, which have:
a) Structure
b) Objectives
c) Mutual relate to one another depends on human communication for the coordination of activities within the organization which is a system.
According to Koehler (1976) "The organization is a structured system of relationships which coordinates efforts of a group of people, to achieve certain goals".
According to Wright (1977) "Organization is an open-system form of an activity which was coordinated by two people or more to achieve a common goal".
From the formulation of these three men there are differences in its formulation, but there are three things that are similarities of these formulas, namely:
1. Organization is a system
2. Coordinate activities
3. There are goals to be achieved together
Conclusion "The organization is a process of organizing activities through people - people who coordination to achieve those objectives".
Organizations described as a system because the organization consists of various parts of the mutual dependence of one another, for example a school, there must be a component - a component of the school organization, namely:
a. There are teachers
b. There were students
c. There are facilities
Every organization needs coordination so that each part of it does not interfere with other parts, because, without coordination, the organization will be difficult to function well.
Organization is a structure of human relationships, the elements - the elements included.
1) There is a group of human
2) There is a relationship of cooperation
3) There are goals to be achieved